The Great Organ of Saint Omer Cathedral

Written by on September 24, 2018 in Guest Blogs

Saint Omer cathedral in northern France has grace and beauty. It doesn’t have the conventional architectural detail of sculpture encrusted entrance doors. But, it does contain priceless art works so typical of the great cathedrals of France. Here those artworks hang in dark, dusty corners without pomp and formality. Saint Omer cathedral has it’s own unique personality and remains the centrepiece of this imposing medieval City.

History of the Cathedral of Saint Omer

Many centuries ago, the population of Saint Omer was roughly twice the size of what it is today. It was a medieval centre of great industrial, agricultural and civic importance, and is where Christianity was first brought to northern France by Saint Omer himself. The cathedral was founded in the 13th century and is an active place of worship to this day.

The founding Bishop of the Saint Omer diocese introduced long pilgrimages and hiking expeditions to raise money to help support children with walking difficulties in the region. He was the ‘founding father’ of sponsored walks in a way and the cathedral is known as the shrine of shoes.

It’s also home to a very imposing ecclesiastical organ, one of the most impressive in the world. Strangely it’s not particularly well known or visited – but surely it should be. Enter the cathedral and turn to face the western gallery and you’ll see the face of the wall is dominated by the massive organ. It seems to rule the form of the great church from its lofty position.

300 years old and hundreds of pipes

The organ was originally created by Thomas and Jean-Jacques Desfontaines in 1717. It is huge and consists of more than 115 pipes of various lengths. It originally included 45 playing stops. The wooden casework is an art form in its own right. The natural encasement is much admired by organ buffs from all around the world.

It was known to be a very melodic instrument producing classically French tones. The stops and pedals were able to imitate flute and wind instruments of varying sounds. The volume was formidable and filled the cathedral with an empowering sound. The vast bellows were originally operated by at least one person to provide the enormous quantity of air needed to pressurise the pipes.

Restoration work on the organ was carried out by Aristide Cavaille-Coll during 1853 and 1855. He added to or partially changed 30 of the stops. He also altered the overall tone of the instrument to suit the modern idiom, adjusting the tone upwards.

Nowadays when the organ is played it requires a ‘crew’ of three people. The principal member plays the four keyboards. The one at the top has the higher keys and the bottom one, the lowest. The other two members operate the left and right stack of organ stops, assist with the array of foot pedals and turn the pages of the music as the sound progresses. Only nine local people are authorised to play the instrument keyboards, accompanied by their own assistants. And today, an electric pump is used to pressurise the bellows.

The organ was classified as a Historical Monument in 1973. It’s well worth seeking out Saint Omer and the Cathedral to appreciate its history and majestic splendour.

By Bob Lyons, pilot turned travel writer and a total Francophile.

More on Saint Omer

Great places to eat out in Saint Omer
Officially the best bread in France – at a tiny boulangerie on the outskirts of Saint Omer
What to do on a day trip to Saint Omer
On the Douglas Bader trail in Saint Omer
10 things to do in the summer in Saint Omer

Related Articles

Cathar Country, the Aude and the Ariège, Occitane

I first visited the Aude department in 2006 and found a rural area rich in history with great food, fabulous markets and a friendly, welcoming atmosphere. My hosts brought me to the river at Rennes Les Bains where hot water from deep under the ground pours out through a pipe in the wall.  In the […]

Continue Reading

Korrigans | The fairy folk of Brittany

With its medieval towns and villages, wild impressive coastline and abundant forests, picturesque Brittany offers its visitors so much more than just homemade cider and galettes dripping in ham and cheese. Whole days can be devoted to meandering the narrow cobblestone streets and charming squares lined with crooked half-timbered houses. But, as night falls be […]

Continue Reading

Discovering the lavender fields of Provence in Sault

The chances are that if you visit Provence from mid-June to mid-August – you have lavender on your mind and in your sights. Though Provence is well known for the fragrant purple blooms, it is not grown in abundance throughout the whole of Provence, though you will find fields of the purple blooms during your […]

Continue Reading

How a father’s tale of Normandy in WWII inspired a book

You could say that my love affair with France and passion for the French language began in earnest, when, at age eleven, I heard French spoken, loving the soft, musical and even sensual sounds that floated into my ears. But the truth is that the story began before I was born, when my father landed […]

Continue Reading

A Quiet Retirement in France? 

A Quiet Retirement in France? 

Written by on September 10, 2018 in Guest Blogs

One evening a few years ago my wife and I overheard several tales of woe that almost made us re-think our plans to buy a house in France. We were on a golf break in Le Perche, Normandy, staying at a lovely hotel with a fantastic restaurant. One evening, after our eighteen holes we went […]

Continue Reading

Subscribe

If you enjoyed this article, subscribe now to receive more just like it.

Subscribe via RSS Feed

Comments are closed.

Top